Corporate

Nuclear Emergency Preparedness

General Information

Seismic Standards

U.S. nuclear power stations, including Dominion’s four stations, are built to seismic standards for their regions and safety systems designed to those standards would direct operators to shut down the reactors in the event of a major earthquake such as the one that struck Japan in the spring of 2011. Additional information is available from the Nuclear Energy Institute.

Emergency Classifications

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has defined four classes of emergencies for nuclear power stations:

Notifications of Unusual Events

A minor problem has taken place. No release of radioactive matter is expected. Federal, state and city/county officials will be kept informed.

Alert

A minor problem has occurred. Small amounts of radioactive matter could be released inside the station. All state and local officials will be informed and will be asked to stand by. It is not likely that the public will have to do anything.

Site Area Emergency

A more serious problem has occurred. Small amounts of radioactive matter could be released into the area right around the station. If the public needs to be alerted, sirens will be sounded. Turn to your EAS radio or television stations for more information. All appropriate officials will be informed and ready to help you if needed.

General Emergency

This is the most serious kind of problem. Radioactive matter could be released outside the station site. The public may have to be protected. The sirens will be sounded to alert the public of the problem. Turn to EAS radio or television stations for information on actions that may need to be taken. Officials will be fully informed and will tell the public what to do.

About Radiation

Radiation Protection

Although you cannot see or smell radiation, it can be detected, accurately and easily, with the aid of instruments designed for that purpose. Trained technicians using these instruments monitor radiation in and around the nuclear power station. Should a nuclear incident occur, this monitoring will be increased to obtain accurate information for all areas that might be affected. State health officials will evaluate this information and advise what actions should be taken.

What is radiation?

There is nothing new or mysterious about radiation. It has always been a part of our natural environment. We are constantly exposed to radiation from the sun and outer space. Naturally occurring radioactive materials are present in the earth around us, in the buildings we live and work in, and in the food and water we consume.

There are radioactive gases in the air we breathe, and our bodies themselves are radioactive to some degree. The nuclear power industry is a small contributor to the average radiation exposure. The levels of this natural radiation vary greatly from place to place. Persons living in Denver, Colorado, for example, receive double the amount of natural radiation that we receive in Virginia. That’s primarily because of Denver’s higher altitude.

We are also exposed to sources of man-made radiation. For more than half a century, doctors and scientists have used X-rays and other forms of penetrating radiation. Medical diagnosis and treatment are the main sources of exposure to man-made radiation, and the benefits in terms of human lives saved far outweigh any potential problems.

Within a decade after the X-ray came into use, it became apparent that it could be either beneficial or harmful depending on the use and control and what protective measures were necessary. This applies to other kinds of radiation as well, including that produced in the nuclear power industry.

Nuclear power as a source of radiation

The fission process which takes place in a nuclear power station is a source of man-made radiation, although in normal operations the amount reaching the environment is almost insignificant. The average person receives approximately 350 millirem* per year from natural and man-made sources, and a person living within 10 miles of a nuclear generating station receives less than one millirem each year from the station.

Nuclear power stations are designed and built to prevent radioactivity from reaching the environment, both during normal operation and in the event of an accident. These intensive efforts by the industry have worked in the more than 30 years of nuclear power production in this country. Not a single death or serious injury from radiation has ever been recorded involving a member of the public. The likelihood of such an occurrence in the future is extremely small.

The effect radiation from any source has on us depends upon the type and force of the rays and particles and the exposure to our bodies. Therefore, the protective actions described in this web site are important to remember in the event of an emergency.

Radiation Sources

Average annual effective dose equivalent to persons in the U.S. from various radiation sources:

Man-made
(measured in millirem*-per-year)

Medical:
Diagnostic X-rays 39.00
Nuclear medicine 14.00
Consumer products 5.00-13.00
Occupational 0.90

Miscellaneous:
Environmental 0.06
Nuclear fuel cycle 0.05

Natural Background
(measured in millirem-per-year)

Radon 200.00
Cosmic rays 27.00
Cosmogenic radiation 1.00
Terrestrial radiation 28.00
Internal radiation (in the body) 39.00

NCRP Report No. 93, "Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States," Sept. 1, 1987, Bethesda, MD 20814

Definitions

Background radiation is the radioactivity that occurs naturally in our environment. The level of background radiation in mid-Atlantic region is about 100 millirem per year.

Millirem is a unit used to measure radiation dosage. It is 1/1000 of a rem. A rem is also a unit used to measure radiation dosage. A rem also relates to the potential effect of radiation on human cells.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission is the federal agency responsible for the regulation and inspection of nuclear power stations to assure safety.

Radiation is energy given off in the form of waves or particles. The term "radiation" is broad and includes ordinary sunlight and radio waves, but more often it is used to mean "ionizing" radiation. Ionizing radiation can produce charged particles in materials that it strikes, including living matter. The most common types of ionizing radiation are alpha, beta and gamma.

  • Alpha radiation is the least penetrating type. It can be stopped with a sheet of paper.
  • Beta radiation is emitted from the nucleus of an atom during fission. Beta radiation consists of electrons that can be stopped by thin cardboard.
  • Gamma radiation is electro-magnetic waves emitted from the nucleus of an atom and is essentially the same as X-rays. It can be stopped by heavy shielding such as concrete or lead.

Additional Information

To receive information on radiation protection, nuclear power or emergency preparedness, please call Dominion Generation at (800) 814-8262 or write to:

Dominion Generation
Innsbrook Technical Center
Nuclear Emergency Preparedness
5000 Dominion Boulevard
Glen Allen, Virginia 23060

or

Commonwealth of Virginia
Department of Emergency Management
Preparedness and Mitigation Division
10501 Trade Court
Richmond, Virginia 23236-3713

For additional local information, please contact the local Emergency Management Coordinator/Official for your jurisdiction.

Millstone Power Station - Emergency Planning

Kewaunee Power Station - Emergency Planning

North Anna Power Station - Emergency Planning

About These Plans

This information is part of emergency planning efforts developed by Dominion, the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Emergency Management, and the counties and cities near North Anna Power Station.

The state and communities located within 10 miles of a nuclear power station have prepared emergency response plans. These plans provide guidelines to the state and local government organizations which ensure effective direction and control in a nuclear emergency. The plans include procedures for warning the public and for taking protective actions, such as sheltering or evacuation, in the event of a nuclear emergency.

Contact your local Emergency Management Coordinator/Official if you have any questions.

Emergency Notifications

If an emergency occurs at the North Anna station, Dominion will immediately notify state and local emergency officials, who will promptly implement their emergency response plans. Federal officials also will be notified.

Emergency sirens, located within the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone around the power station, will be a primary means of alerting the public. Other means of notification include route alerting by law enforcement agencies using emergency services vehicles equipped with public address systems.

Nuclear power stations have been producing electricity in the United States for more than 35 years. During this time no member of the public has been seriously injured as a result of the commercial generation of nuclear power.

Safety features in the design and operation of North Anna Power Station make the chance of an accident affecting public health and safety extremely remote. However, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission requires that EPZ residents be notified periodically of emergency procedures that should be followed if an accident were to occur. While the potential for such an event is very small, it is important for the public to be prepared for nuclear emergencies.

Sirens/Emergency Alert System (EAS)

If you hear sirens, you should tune in to your local Emergency Alert System (EAS) radio or television station for emergency information and instructions.

The sirens are not a signal to evacuate. Your area may not be affected by an emergency, or you may be asked simply to remain indoors for a period of time. You will be given specific instructions about whether to stay inside, leave the area or take other protective action.

Siren Testing

The sirens around North Anna are tested quarterly (typically on the third Wednesday of February, May, August and November). During these routine tests, the alerting signal produced by the sirens is a steady tone that lasts for three minutes. The alerting signal for an actual emergency will be four separate three-minute activations, each separated by one minute of silence.

Unscheduled Sirens Soundings

In the event that you hear a siren signal that is not a quarterly test or actual emergency notification, you may contact your Emergency Management Coordinator/Official for further information. Do not call 911. A report of an unscheduled siren sounding will be investigated and you will be informed of the status.

What To Do If You Hear Sirens

Listen for a steady three-minute siren signal. The signal will be sounded four times within 15 minutes. Turn on your radio or television. The EAS stations will have the most timely and accurate information concerning the accident. Tune in to one of the EAS stations.

Taking Shelter

In-house shelter may be recommended during a nuclear power station accident. In-house shelter means going indoors and remaining indoors until the emergency is over. Such action will reduce an individual’s exposure to radiation resulting from a radioactive release of short duration.

When instructed by local and state emergency officials to take shelter:

  • If you have livestock, put them under cover and provide them with stored feed and water.
  • Go indoors and close all windows and doors. Turn off fans and heating and air conditioning that require outside air, and close any other air intakes.
  • Do not use your telephone unless it is absolutely necessary. Keep phone lines open for emergency communication.
  • Cover all open food containers. The food, water and milk supplies in your home are safe for consumption.
  • Do not eat any produce from a vegetable garden until you are advised. In the event of a radioactive release, the produce may become contaminated.
  • Remain indoors until officially notified that the emergency is over.
  • Remember to stay tuned to your local EAS radio or television stations for emergency information.
General Evacuation Information -- Routes and Instructions

Where To Go

Local government officials will designate Evacuation Assembly Centers or other facilities offering the greatest level of public safety to receive evacuees. The population will be instructed on where to go and the best routes to leave the area. Detailed evacuation routes are described for the North Anna areas in the protective action zones (see tab below).

Law enforcement and traffic control will be dispatched to predetermined locations along evacuation routes. Evacuees will be directed out of the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone and to the nearest Evacuation Assembly Center.

If an evacuation is recommended, drive to the Evacuation Assembly Center announced over the local EAS radio station. Listen to the station for any changes as you drive. Adhere to the speed limits on the highways.

What To Do

Evacuation normally would be ordered only if large amounts of radioactive materials are expected to escape over a long period of time. Such action would most likely be ordered as a precaution. In the unlikely event that an emergency evacuation is required, special instructions will be given on your EAS radio and television stations.

If an evacuation is ordered, remain calm. There is adequate time for an orderly response. You are far more likely to be hurt acting in unnecessary haste than you are by radiation.

Evacuation Checklist

  1. Take clothing, toilet articles, necessary medications, important papers and valuables (money, credit cards, jewelry, etc.). You may also have use for other supplies such as sleeping bags, a portable radio, flashlight and batteries.
  2. Keep phone lines open for emergency use.
  3. Before leaving your home, shut off water, gas, lights and appliances.
  4. Shelter pets and livestock, providing them with food and water where possible. Inform personnel at the Evacuation Assembly Center that pets or livestock are at your residence.
  5. Assist friends and neighbors without transportation. If you do not have your own transportation, make plans to ride with a neighbor. If you do not have transportation, let the local Emergency Management Coordinator/Official know now so that it can be furnished for you and your family in the event of an emergency.
  6. If evacuating, keep car windows and vents closed and air conditioners turned off.
  7. Proceed directly to your local designated Evacuation Assembly Center.
  8. Drive safely. Stay tuned to your EAS radio station for further information.

When You Have Been Notified

Place an obvious sign/notice that says "We have been notified" in your window or door facing the street or road when you leave your home or business. As an alternative, tie a towel to your door or mailbox. This tells emergency workers going door-to-door that you know about the emergency.

Information for the Elderly or Disabled

If you have a special need for emergency notification, or if elderly or disabled persons require special care, special transportation or another form of assistance, contact the Emergency Management Coordinator/Official for your county or city now, so that arrangements can be made in advance.

Put the orange "Special Assistance Needed" card (provided to applicable residents in an Emergency Planning calendar) in your window or doorway facing the street or road. This will signify to emergency workers that special assistance is required at your address.

Protective Action Zones

Check your protective action zone using the link on this page (below).

North Anna Evacuation Details

Protective Action Zones

If an accident should occur at the North Anna Power Station, it is likely that only a part of the area around the station would be affected. To help alert the public in the affected areas during an emergency, the area within a 10-mile radius has been divided into protective action zones. These zones are identified by political jurisdictions or easily identifiable geographic boundaries.

View our map which outlines North Anna's protective action zones. You should examine this map, determine which zone you live in and mark that zone on the map. You should also mark the zone you live in on the emergency evacuation map in the yellow pages of your local telephone directory.

If you have any problem determining which zone you live in, please contact your local Emergency Management Coordinator/Official.

Jurisdictions Within 50 Miles

If an accident were to occur at the North Anna Power Station, the area within 50 miles of the station would be assessed to determine if there has been any impact on the environment. If there is any impact, the public in the affected area would be notified. If any actions are necessary, the public would be informed of such actions to be taken.

Evacuation Assembly Centers

Should an evacuation be directed for all or part of the 10-mile emergency planning zone around the North Anna Power Station, persons affected should proceed to their local Evacuation Assembly Center. The main purpose of the Evacuation Assembly Centers is to provide a checkpoint to monitor radiation contamination. Evacuation Assembly Centers will also provide shelter, food and clothing for those who need assistance.

Protection Action Zone Boundaries

To facilitate notification and selective evacuation of the public, protective action zones corresponding to the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone have been established around the power stations.

The map uses geographical features, either natural (rivers, lakes) or man-made (roadways), to outline the boundaries of a protective action zone. A system of numbered protective action zones has been identified and the boundary of the protective action zones roughly corresponds to two-, five-, and 10-mile distances from the nuclear station.

EAS Radio and Television Stations

North Anna Area -- Radio Stations

Culpeper: 
FM - WJMA 103.1

Fredericksburg:
FM - WFLS 93.3
FM - WBQB 101.5

Richmond:
AM - WRNL 910
AM - WRVA 1140
FM - WRVQ 94.5
FM - WRXL 102.1

Louisa:
FM - WDJL 105.5

Hanover:
AM - WQGT 1700 - Note: County residents only

North Anna Area -- Television Stations

Charlottesville:
WVIR Channel 29

Richmond:
WTVR Channel 6
WRIC Channel 8
WWBT Channel 12

Emergency Management Coordinator/Official

For further information contact your local emergency management coordinator/official at the telephone numbers listed below:

North Anna Power Station Area

Location Phone Number After Duty Hours
Caroline County (804) 633-9831 (804) 633-4357
Hanover County (804) 365-6195 (804) 365-6140
Louisa County (540) 967-3491 (540) 967-1234
Orange County (540) 672-1900 (540) 672-1234
Spotsylvania County (540) 507-7904 (540) 582-7900
Local Evacuation Assembly Centers

Select any facility below to retrieve a map and/or directions.

Caroline County
Caroline High School
Caroline Middle School 

Hanover County
Liberty Middle School 

Louisa County
Moss-Nuckols Elementary School

Orange County
Prospect Heights Middle School 

Spotsylvania County
Courtland High School
Massaponax High School 

Surry Power Station - Emergency Planning

About These Plans

This information is part of emergency planning efforts developed by Dominion, the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Emergency Management, and the counties and cities near Surry Power Station.

The state and communities located within 10 miles of a nuclear power station have prepared emergency response plans. These plans provide guidelines to the state and local government organizations which ensure effective direction and control in a nuclear emergency. The plans include procedures for warning the public and for taking protective actions, such as sheltering or evacuation, in the event of a nuclear emergency.

Contact your local Emergency Management Coordinator/Official if you have any questions.

Emergency Notifications

If an emergency occurs at Surry Power Station, Dominion will immediately notify state and local emergency officials, who will promptly implement their emergency response plans. Federal officials also will be notified.

Emergency sirens, located within the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone around the power station, will be a primary means of alerting the public. Other means of notification include route alerting by law enforcement agencies using emergency services vehicles equipped with public address systems.

Nuclear power stations have been producing electricity in the United States for more than 35 years. During this time no member of the public has been seriously injured as a result of the commercial generation of nuclear power.

Safety features in the design and operation of Surry Power Station make the chance of an accident affecting public health and safety extremely remote. However, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission requires that EPZ residents be notified periodically of emergency procedures that should be followed if an accident were to occur. While the potential for such an event is very small, it is important for the public to be prepared for nuclear emergencies.

Sirens/Emergency Alert System (EAS)

If you hear sirens, you should tune in to your local Emergency Alert System (EAS) radio or television station for emergency information and instructions.

The sirens are not a signal to evacuate. Your area may not be affected by an emergency, or you may be asked simply to remain indoors for a period of time. You will be given specific instructions about whether to stay inside, leave the area or take other protective action.

Siren Testing

The sirens around Surry are tested quarterly (typically on the second Wednesday of March, June, September and December). During these routine tests, the alerting signal produced by the sirens is a steady tone that lasts for three minutes. The alerting signal for an actual emergency will be four separate three-minute activations, each separated by one minute of silence.

Unscheduled Sirens Soundings

In the event that you hear a siren signal that is not a quarterly test or actual emergency notification, you may contact your Emergency Management Coordinator/Official for further information. Do not call 911. A report of an unscheduled siren sounding will be investigated and you will be informed of the status.

What To Do If You Hear Sirens

Listen for a steady three-minute siren signal. The signal will be sounded four times within 15 minutes. Turn on your radio or television. The EAS stations will have the most timely and accurate information concerning the accident. Tune in to one of the EAS stations.

Taking Shelter

In-house shelter may be recommended during a nuclear power station accident. In-house shelter means going indoors and remaining indoors until the emergency is over. Such action will reduce an individual’s exposure to radiation resulting from a radioactive release of short duration.

When instructed by local and state emergency officials to take shelter:

  • If you have livestock, put them under cover and provide them with stored feed and water.
  • Go indoors and close all windows and doors. Turn off fans and heating and air conditioning that require outside air, and close any other air intakes.
  • Do not use your telephone unless it is absolutely necessary. Keep phone lines open for emergency communication.
  • Cover all open food containers. The food, water and milk supplies in your home are safe for consumption.
  • Do not eat any produce from a vegetable garden until you are advised. In the event of a radioactive release, the produce may become contaminated.
  • Remain indoors until officially notified that the emergency is over.
  • Remember to stay tuned to your local EAS radio or television stations for emergency information.
General Evacuation Information -- Routes and Instructions

Where To Go

Local government officials will designate Evacuation Assembly Centers or other facilities offering the greatest level of public safety to receive evacuees. The population will be instructed on where to go and the best routes to leave the area. Detailed evacuation routes are described for the Surry areas in the protective action zones (see tab below).

Law enforcement and traffic control will be dispatched to predetermined locations along evacuation routes. Evacuees will be directed out of the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone and to the nearest Evacuation Assembly Center.

If an evacuation is recommended, drive to the Evacuation Assembly Center announced over the local EAS radio station. Listen to the station for any changes as you drive. Adhere to the speed limits on the highways.

What To Do

Evacuation normally would be ordered only if large amounts of radioactive materials are expected to escape over a long period of time. Such action would most likely be ordered as a precaution. In the unlikely event that an emergency evacuation is required, special instructions will be given on your EAS radio and television stations.

If an evacuation is ordered, remain calm. There is adequate time for an orderly response. You are far more likely to be hurt acting in unnecessary haste than you are by radiation.

Evacuation Checklist

  1. Take clothing, toilet articles, necessary medications, important papers and valuables (money, credit cards, jewelry, etc.). You may also have use for other supplies such as sleeping bags, a portable radio, flashlight and batteries.
  2. Keep phone lines open for emergency use.
  3. Before leaving your home, shut off water, gas, lights and appliances.
  4. Shelter pets and livestock, providing them with food and water where possible. Inform personnel at the Evacuation Assembly Center that pets or livestock are at your residence.
  5. Assist friends and neighbors without transportation. If you do not have your own transportation, make plans to ride with a neighbor. If you do not have transportation, let the local Emergency Management Coordinator/Official know now so that it can be furnished for you and your family in the event of an emergency.
  6. If evacuating, keep car windows and vents closed and air conditioners turned off.
  7. Proceed directly to your local designated Evacuation Assembly Center.
  8. Drive safely. Stay tuned to your EAS radio station for further information.

When You Have Been Notified

Place an obvious sign/notice that says "We have been notified" in your window or door facing the street or road when you leave your home or business. As an alternative, tie a towel to your door or mailbox. This tells emergency workers going door-to-door that you know about the emergency.

Information for the Elderly or Disabled

If you have a special need for emergency notification, or if elderly or disabled persons require special care, special transportation or another form of assistance, contact the Emergency Management Coordinator/Official for your county or city now, so that arrangements can be made in advance.

Put the orange "Special Assistance Needed" card (provided to applicable residents in an Emergency Planning calendar) in your window or doorway facing the street or road. This will signify to emergency workers that special assistance is required at your address.

Protective Action Zones

Check your protective action zone using the link on this page (below).

Surry Evacuation Details

Protective Action Zones

If an accident should occur at the Surry Power Station, it is likely that only a part of the area around the station would be affected. To help alert the public in the affected areas during an emergency, the area within a 10-mile radius has been divided into protective action zones. These zones are identified by political jurisdictions or easily identifiable geographic boundaries.

View our map which outlines Surry's protective action zones. Examine this map, determine which zone you live in and mark that zone on the map. Also mark the zone you live in on the emergency evacuation map in the yellow pages of your local telephone directory. If you have any problem determining which zone you live in, please contact your local Emergency Management Coordinator/Official.

Jurisdictions Within 50 Miles

If an accident were to occur at the Surry Power Station, the area within 50 miles of the station would be assessed to determine if there has been any impact on the environment. If there is any impact, the public in the affected area would be notified. If any actions are necessary, the public would be informed of such actions to be taken.

Evacuation Assembly Centers

Should an evacuation be directed for all or part of the 10-mile emergency planning zone around the Surry Power Station, persons affected should proceed to their local Evacuation Assembly Center. The main purpose of the Evacuation Assembly Centers is to provide a checkpoint to monitor radiation contamination. Evacuation Assembly Centers will also provide shelter, food and clothing for those who need assistance.

Protection Action Zone Boundaries

To facilitate notification and selective evacuation of the public, protective action zones corresponding to the 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone have been established around the power stations.

The map uses geographical features, either natural (rivers, lakes) or man-made (roadways), to outline the boundaries of a protective action zone. A system of numbered protective action zones has been identified and the boundary of the protective action zones roughly corresponds to two-, five-, and 10-mile distances from the nuclear station.

EAS Radio and Television Stations

Surry Area -- Radio Stations

Gloucester:
FM - WXGM 99.1

Norfolk:
FM - WHRV 89.5
FM - WHRO 90.3

Richmond:
AM - WRVA 1140
AM - WRNL 910
FM - WRVQ 94.5
FM - WRXL 102.1

Newport News:
AM - WGH 1310
FM - WGH 97.3

Eastern Virginia:
FM - WAFX 106.9

Surry Area -- Television Stations

Norfolk:
WTKR Channel 3
WVEC Channel 13
WHRO Channel 15

Portsmouth:
WAVY Channel 10
WBNT Channel 27
WVBT Channel 43

Richmond:
WTVR Channel 6
WRIC Channel 8
WWBT Channel 12

York County:
Channel 46

Fort Eustis:
Channel 48
Note: Fort Eustis monitor command Channel 48. For radiological information relating to Surry Power Station, tune in to one of the local broadcasting stations listed above.

Emergency Management Coordinator/Official

Surry Power Station Area

Location Phone Number After Duty Hours
Isle of Wight County (757) 365-6308 (757) 357-2151
James City County (757) 564-2141 (757) 566-0112
Surry County (757) 294-5205 (757) 294-5264
York County (757) 890-3600 (757) 890-3621
City of Newport News (757) 269-2900 (757) 247-2500
City of Williamsburg (757) 220-6225 (757) 890-3621
Local Evacuation Assembly Centers

Select any facility below to retrieve a map and/or directions.

Isle of Wight County
Smithfield Middle School 

James City County
Charles City County School Complex
Hampton Coliseum 

Surry County
L.P. Jackson Middle School 

York County
Tabb High School
Grafton Middle School/High School Complex
Poquoson High School
New Kent County High School 

City of Newport News
Warwick High School
Hines Middle School
Gildersleeve Middle School 

City of Williamsburg
New Kent County High School

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